Towards the end of the seventeenth century, Surat began to decine as the trade capital by virtue of many reasons like the defeat of the Mughal Empire and lack of business areas and proficiency, control over the sea courses by the Portuguese and challenge from Bombay (present day Mumbai) from the East India Company. But in the 21st century Surat has emerged as
a key weaving area with the annual turnover of twist weaving area in the city fixed at Rs1,000 crore.

Surat, an emerging and growing city in the province of Gujarat, is known as the material city of Gujarat. The warp knitting sector is the country’s biggest man-made-fibres (MMF) focus in the city. As per recent figures, textile production in Surat has grown by 10% in the last 5 years, while the market for embroidery has grown from an almost negligible amount to
around Rs. 30000 million over the same period.

Regardless of being new for the Surat market, the city is now known for knitting and weaving industry. Today, Surat has in excess of 300 twist sewing machines and another 100 are currently under establishment. Surat has already stabilised machine in knitting industry as Circular knitting matching, Warp knitting machine, Raschel Machine n which production range is 4500 tons per month, 6400 tons per month, 1500 tons per month, respectively. The pattern is not restricted to
greater players, and, surprisingly, the little and medium players are likewise putting resources into twist sewing machines, however quite possibly a couple of machines. While the homegrown market is essentially utilising twist sewn textures in kidswear and women articles of clothing, the worldwide business sectors are getting for athletic apparel, underwear and specialised  materials.

Almost 30 million meters of fabrics of crude texture and 25 million meters of handled texture are delivered in Surat every day. The city has a few materials business sectors that exist since days of yore. Zampa Bazaar, Bombay Market, JJ Textile Market and Jash Market are among them. Katat Gam, Magdalla and Udhana are the areas of Surat where assembling is for the most part done. Over time, individuals from different spots like Rajasthan and Kolkata got comfortable in Surat to do their material business.

Warp knitted fabrics are extensively used for sportswear, lingerie, shoes, car seat covers, and mattresses along with technical textiles The Surat textile industry has grown considerably over time. One of the main reasons behind the growth of Surat’s textile industry is the city’s ability to adapt to changes and the latest trends. The city is quick to respond to any changes in  the preferences of people.

The industrialists here have strong entrepreneurial skills. Most of the traders have a fixed group of clients, with whom they trade. Most of the business is done on a credit basis. According to the Federation of Surat Textile Traders Association, the industry suffered a loss of Rs. 200 crore in 2004-05 on account of malpractices.

The industry suffered a huge loss in the floods of 2006 as well. Around 40,000 textile shops were damaged in Surat in these floods and the total loss was reported to be at Rs.10 crore per day. However, the city has always been quick to rise from these setbacks. Warp knitted fabrics are extensively used for sportswear, lingerie, shoes, car seat covers and mattresses along with technical textiles like automobile filtration, lining and pocketing mesh. Most of the units in Surat and elsewhere manufacture better quality products than China