19th August is celebrated as World Humanitarian Day.It is marked as a day to celebrate and honour all the humanitarians. The UN declared 19th August as World Humanitarian Day to commemorate the anniversary of the 2009 bombings in Iraq.

We must remember Textile Technicians because there is a term  for textiles: Functional Textiles. These functional textiles play a major role in human life.

Textiles are one of the basic needs of human. They are further classified according to the purpose that they serve. Some are called functional textiles  because —

  • They assist humans in every way, ensure their comfort and protection.
  • They are divided regarding the environment in which humans live, move and/or perform their working activities.
  • These textiles are in direct contact with the human skin irrespective of environment and work type, therefore it is logical that some functions are fulfilled by the textiles placed next to the skin surface.
  • Some of these functions are sweat management, therapeutic healing, antibacterial and antimicrobial effects and preventing the infections.
  • The latter is important in medical textiles especially during the treatment of patients where patient’s bodies are covered by different textile materials with the aim to cool, heat and/or maintain body temperature as well as other specific care effects. For example- the prevention of infections that are spread by textiles used in the hospitals.
  • The innermost textile layer with sweat management ability is the most important for establishing the thermal balance in the multi-layer system human-clothing-environment, but it is usually ignored.

However, it is obvious that functional textiles that are in direct contact with our skin impact our activities, are responsible for our comfort, well-being and performance at working and daily activities.

Article by

Awadhesh Kumar Sharma