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Skill Development in Indian Textile Sector

Published: June 11, 2015

Textile Industry, the golden industry of India has a rich culture of more than 100 years and it is has proven its importance for earning foreign exchange and generating huge employment since ancient times. The Indian textile industry, currently estimated at around US $108 billion, is expected to reach US $ 141 billion by 2021.

The sector contributes about 14% to industrial production, 4% the GDP and 27% to the country’s foreign exchange inflows. Indian Textile Industry is always been backbone of the country’s economy employing around 45 million people directly & 60 million people indirectly. India is the second largest producer of textiles & apparels. It accounts for about 24% of the world’s spindle capacity and 8% of global rotor capacity.Being a labour intensive industry, country’s large population directly or indirectly depends on the industry. Textile Industry has evolved from traditional handlooms to most modern high speed Airjet looms. Today, we are manufacturing ranges of highly engineered textiles & apparels for various applications ranging from sports textiles, medical textiles, automotive, protective textiles & so on. Last year, India has overtaken Germany and Italy to emerge as the world’s second largest textile exporter. But still if we compare with China who is world leader in Textile exports, we lag substantially as it exports seven times higher than India. According our Vision 2024-25, our production level is estimated $350 billion by 2024-25 from current $100 billion & export to reach $300 billion. We have to carve out clear strategy & action plan to achieve our vision.

Though, India has rich resources of raw material such as cotton, silk, jute & wool, there are certain area to be focused to harness the growth of the industry. One of the core areas to be focused and highlighted is “skill development”. Indian Government is taking commendable initiatives by launching programs like Integrated Skill Development Scheme (ISDS),but it is equally important that industry stakeholders should equally contribute in this movement. The first step is to bring awareness on need of skill development for Textile Industry. Main focus should be on enhancing right skills and generation of employment, in order to reap the demographic dividend. Skill building can be viewed as an instrument to improve the effectiveness and contribution of labor to the overall production. It is an important ingredient to push the production possibility frontier outward and to take growth rate of the economy to a higher trajectory. Skill building could also be seen as an instrument to empower the individual and improve his/her social acceptance or value.

To carve out our strategy for skill development, first we need to understand the existing structure of skill sets and assess gaps in the system. We are required to take the 360 degree feedback and approach to understand the existing gap between required skill sets & workforce. We can map our country into the smaller modulesof states thoroughly for type, quality & quantity of fibres produced & how the levels of productions, which are existing in textile industry e.g. Spinning, Handloom, Powerloom, ShuttlelessWeaving, Knitting, Processing, Garmenting or Technical Textiles. Detailed market research needs to be done to understand existing workforce, their level of skillsets, number of textile education institutes in the region, what is their curriculum and course content, whether educational programs are in line with the required skillsets of the region. This will help us to understand demand-supply gap & answer questions like additional number of workforce required to match the demand supply, what are skillsets required & whether existing textile education institutes are sufficient to meet the workforce requirement in that state, whether there is any need to redesign the course content as per industry requirement, whether additional vocational courses or workshops are required to be developed. The answers to these questions will help us to design the strategy for every region and every sector.

The next step will be action plan. The action plan will be arranging various program & seminars in the region. This will bring awareness amongst entrepreneurs and stakeholders about the need of skill development programs. Textile institutes providing degree, diploma & vocational courses are to be developed to meet huge demand supply gap. This will help in supply of high skilled labour to achieve higher productivities & good operational management.

It is also important to understand level of skill development to meet our export vision. With the changing market scenario, it is necessary to identify innovative trends in global market. We need to adopt latest technology to produce goods which are competitive into international market. To meet our export vision we are able to generate skilled labours trained with international skills and standards. In fact, international consulting firm like Werner International have industry specialists and have experience in training to all level textile human resource from entrepreneurs, CEOs, general managers, plant heads, managers to workers. Such kind of training programs will be really helpful to create a good skilled workforce in our country. Already big textile giants like Welspun, Trident and many other groups are using skill set improvement programmes.

Suvin Advisors has smartly identified the need of the Indian Textile Industry for efficient manpower with technical knowhow. With our extensive network & experience, we are all set to fulfill the need of the Industry. In today’s competitive world, Top level & middle level plays very crucial role in the success of the company. With highest level of dedication & proficiency, Suvin can help assist the industry to identify suitable workforce for top level & middle level. We are already commissioning 2 big size textile projects in Angola through a Japanese collaboration.

Today, Indian economy is in growth phase. Our Prime Minister Mr. NarendraModi is promoting “Make in India“program across the globe. There is a great demand for right people and right place. We foresee tremendous demand of efficient manpower in coming future in India. With the clear vision, right strategy & aggressive action plan, we can supply efficient people for textile industry and in real sense can lead the global textile market!!!

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