The Government of India, Ministry of Textiles introduced the technology up-gradation scheme under National Handloom Development Programme (NHDP) and Comprehensive Handloom Cluster Development Scheme (CHCDS) in 2015-16. This scheme, with some modifications, was named as “Hathkargha Samvardhan Sahayata (HSS) Yojana” in December 2016, for providing upgraded looms/accessories to handloom weavers to improve quality of fabric and enhance productivity. Under Hathkargha Samvardhan Sahayata Yojana, the Government of India bears 90% of the cost of looms/accessories.  The scheme is designed for all the weavers, including SC/ST/OBC and women. The total financial assistance provided by the Government under the HSS Yojana in Tamil Nadu, Karnataka and Maharashtra is as follows:

S. No. State Funds released (till Dec. 2020) (Rs. in lakh)
1 Tamil Nadu 1038.41
2 Karnataka 114.22
3 Maharashtra 49.47


The performance of interventions under Block Level Clusters including Hathkargha Samvardhan Sahayata Yojana (HSS) has been evaluated by independent third-party agencies and the studies show that these interventions have led to increase in earnings and the number of working days in a year of weavers.