A study that sheds new light on how nations react to systemic shocks found that the COVID-19 pandemic had a significant impact on the manufacturing industries in India, Brazil, the United States, and Sweden, as well as on human health, public administration, and defence in the United States and Sweden. In all countries, the building industry was either somewhat or significantly impacted.

In contrast to other nations, India’s retail trade—aside from the sale of motor cars and motorcycles—as well as the land transportation industry, according to the academics, were both rather significantly impacted.

This study, which was published in the peer-reviewed PLOS One journal, studied resilience across a range of social, economic, and political domains in various nations, in contrast to past attempts to measure the impact of the pandemic, which tended to focus primarily on it in a single dimension.

The Los Alamos National Laboratory’s Sara Del Valle was reported as saying, “We observed major disparities between what experts had anticipated would be the most resilient countries if struck with a pandemic.”

For instance, she noted, harsher government pandemic policy was connected to greater political turmoil in some US states, whereas the opposite was true for certain Brazilian states.

The researchers discovered that an important factor in pandemic response was education. They discovered that more education was significantly associated with lower levels of political instability across the United States, even after controlling for the severity of federal COVID policies.