After a year of unequaled increases, imports at the nation’s major retail container ports are expected to return to normal growth rates in 2022 but volumes will remain high, according to the monthly Global Port Tracker report released today by the National Retail Federation and Hackett Associates. “Even with the holiday season behind us, supply chain challenges continue,” NRF Vice President for Supply Chain and Customs Policy Jonathan Gold said. “The huge increases in imports we’ve seen have leveled out, but volume is still at high levels. We hope the system will find a way to catch up, but there is much that remains to be done to clear out port backlogs and increase capacity throughout the supply chain. Amid all of this, the omicron variant is a wild card that could not only impact the supply chain workforce but once again drive more imports if consumers stay home and spend their money on retail goods rather than going out.”

“Economic indicators are giving us a paradoxical view of the direction of the US and global economies,” Hackett Associates Founder Ben Hackett said. “The atmosphere of uncertainty is likely to have an impact on demand going forward. We are already seeing short-term growth rates declining, and we believe trade growth is returning to normal levels reflective of economic factors. We do not expect that double-digit expansion of import volumes will continue in 2022.” Imports saw year-over-year growth as high as 65% in some months during 2021. That was the result of increased consumer demand, retailers’ efforts to stock up to mitigate supply chain challenges, and comparisons against periods early in 2020 when many stores were closed because of the pandemic. But increases returned to single digits by last fall and should remain there this year. Nonetheless, volumes of about 2.2 million Twenty-Foot Equivalent Units or more expected during most months in the first half of 2022 will be near-records. US ports covered by Global Port Tracker handled 2.11 million TEU in November, the latest month for which final numbers are available. That was down 4.5% from October but up 0.5% year-over-year. Ports have not reported December numbers yet, but Global Port Tracker projected the month at 2.18 million TEU, up 3.7% year-over-year.
Those numbers would bring 2021 to a total of 25.9 million TEU, a 17.9% increase over 2020’s record high of 22 million TEU that was set despite the pandemic. January is forecast at 2.23 million TEU, up 8.6% year-over-year; February at 1.95 million TEU, up 4.2% year-over-year; March at 2.19 million, down 3.3%; April at 2.2 million TEU, up 2.5%, and May at 2.32 million TEU, down 0.5%. This holiday season, from November 1 – December 31, US consumers spent US$ 204.5 billion online, up 8.6% compared to last year. Online spending rose 19.2% year over year during the weeks before Thanksgiving but fell 1.4% during Cyber Week. Online spending picked up again between November 30 to December 31, growing 5.6%.
E-commerce, already a swiftly expanding channel, surged further in 2020 as the pandemic forced temporary store closures and kept wary consumers out of stores. Even as people returned to in-store shopping last year, the pandemic’s threats and uncertainties remained during the holidays, and continue even now.