Manas Patel#, Shuchi Shrivastava*
#Manas Patel, Student, Department of Textile Technology, Shri Vaishnav Polytechnic College, Indore
*Shuchi Shrivastava, Lecturer, Department of Textile Technology, Shri Vaishnav Polytechnic College,Indore (M.P.)

The textile industry is one of the oldest and second largest sectors caused by India and employees, and traditional fabrics, household tissues, weaves, knit, nonwovens and technical fibers. Both fiber products, widely used in other sectors such as agriculture, medical, engineering, safety, etc. are under the umbrella of technology fiber. This is one of the development and essential parts of the textile industry in medical, hygiene and health sector. Medical fibers are co-efforts to fiber and medical, especially for global trendy times such as Covid19, especially to
protect themselves, especially their own. In recent years, breakthroughs have been made in the field of medical textiles. This article has reviewed some important contributions. A novel multilayer knitted structure coated with nanofibers has been developed for use as an esophageal prosthesis. This was achieved by weaving polyglycolic acid braid into a tubular shape and coating the surface with polycaprolactanennan fibers. Antibacterial drug-eluting silk sutures were developed for use in both wound closure and wound healing to prevent infection at the surgical site.

Keywords: Textiles, medical textiles, finishes, antimicrobial activit, sutures

What are medical and medical textiles? This is the first question to be answered in this book. The Textile Institute (UK) defines medical textiles as “a generic term describing textile structures designed and manufactured for use in a variety of medical applications, including implants”. Following the same principles, medical textiles can be defined as textile structures designed and manufactured for use in a variety of medical applications. Although there are slightly different meanings between medical practice and medical practice, the two terms medical textile and medical textile are often used together or interchangeably. Medical textile is a major growth area for technical textiles, defined as
“textile materials and products made primarily for their technical and functional properties and not for their aesthetic or decorative properties”.

Medical fabrics are fibrous structures or textile products used for clinical processing or for emergency treatment of random therapy. The use of medical fibers is a very specialized and biological compatible technology fiber and is known as Medtech of medical and sanitary use.Terminating Medical fibers include all fabrics used for emergencies, clinical, surgery and hygiene purposes. New fabrics are most frequently used in medical data. Due to the benefits, market share is much higher than other forms of medical data. Compared to other fabric forming processes. All machines in the market are suitable for the production of medical materials, but new graduation lines for the production of stationary looms are convenient for the manufacture of medical materials because the equipment can be used for the production and use of equipment. Medical fabrics made of high quality housings can prevent dangerous bacteria growth. It is used in a place of personal medical services that accumulate dangerous bacteria is healthy to health. Metal salt compounds ultimately struggled with Bacteria and fungi. The fiber composite material is built in the fiber matrix, so you can clean and paid. Microbial contamination on the surface of is a common problem in hospitals and medical facilities, and may cause infection and recharge. The surgical material must provide proper protection for microorganisms, organism fluids, and aerosols. External devices that prevent human, intangible or transplantable medical devices and diseases. Used to dress wounds in a variety of ways and to prevent infection in patients. Medical textiles can also be used for other purposes, such as reducing pain during surgery or as a support garment to immobilize a joint.

Medical Textiles are considered an alternative to surgical procedures involving sutures when sealing incisions on the skin surface and tissue. Medical fibers also help surgeons make more accurate cuts. Fibers Used for Medical Textile Textile materials used in the medical field include fibers, yarns, fabrics and composites. Synthetic fibers are mainly used in the production of these products. Depending on the application, the main requirements for medical fabrics are absorbency, strength, flexibility, softness, and sometimes biopersistence or biodegradability.

Textiles used in medical applications range from natural fibers such as cotton, silk, and recycled wood fluff (absorbent layer) to artificial fibers such as polyester, polyamide, polyethylene and glass fibers.

1. Wound Dressings
Wound dressings are used in medicine to serve an important function that collectively aims to promote wound healing. These functions are protection, absorption, compression, fixation and aesthetics. Protection is the main function of wound dressings. This is because open wounds are subject to additional trauma and additional tissue loss due to external forces (e.g., adverse environmental conditions, object contact, or direct interaction). Wound dressings act as barriers to these forces.

2. Bandages
A fabric used to support, hold, and heal wounds on the body. The bandage holds the wound care layer in place. There are also wound care products available on the market that uses natural adhesives. Bandages can be used independently, even in the case of orthopedic surgery.

3. Plasters
Fabric patches are strips of fabric that are highly flexible and breathable. The Padded Fiber Adhesive Plaster is designed to heal minor injuries, abrasions, blisters and cover the injection site during vaccination or blood sampling. It is also suitable for covering all types of small everyday wounds such as scratches, cuts and abrasions. The material stretches as the skin moves, making it suitable for use in joints and other moving parts of the body.

4. Gauzes
Medical gauze, bleached white fabrics or bandages, dressing and fabrics used in surgical sponges are the most widely used climbing wounds
bandages. Usually known as “4 × 4s”, gauze is made of a combination of fiber ,earth, polyester or these Fibers. Woven , Woven , has a free and open weaving, pouring liquid at Wound and can be absorbed on fiber or passed through other absorbent materials on the wound  Bandage. Non-space The March shall consist of a fiber that is pressed with a fiber that reminds the improved span and a large absorption force, When compared to woven gauze, this type of marlie is less produced and may have fewer fibers that have fewer wounds when isremoved.

1. Surgical Sutures
The fibers are also used in seams in surgery. The sterilized threads used in the organization, and shall be used primarily to close the wounds and approximate organizations if they do not fully connect the organization with implanted prosthetic devices, seams, or woven. Fiber ingredients are considered considerable attention to medical technology, and materials in mono-shaped rooms, multi- threaded, woven and nonwoven structures are used in bio and medical applications. Major requirements for fiber materials are biological based biological foundations for biological foundations in human applications. The medical fiber group of IIT Delhi’s textile technology department has worked on the development of forests for antimicrobial biologically active seams and fabric engineering. Bacterial infection of sutured wounds predominates in many cases because of the lack of adequate postoperative care.

2. Barbed sutures
A two-way barbed suture that eliminates the need to tie a knot has recently been developed. Not only can the thread in the wound slip less and create tissue tension, but it also reduces tissue strain, allowing for a more even distribution of retention force. A spike thread with a steeper cut angle and medium cut depth has a higher tissue retention capacity than a thread with a moderate cut angle and nominal cut depth.

3. Calcium Alginate Fibers
The raw material for the production of this fiber is aligned acid, a compound extracted from kelp. It hasmany properties, including the ability to stabilize viscous suspensions, form film layers and turn into gels. Reverse ion exchange occurs when these fibers bandage the wound, and the fibers are placed in the wound dryand begin to absorb the exudates. Calcium ions are then gradually replaced by sodium ions present in the blood and wound exudates.
Fibrin absorbs large amounts of secretions, begins to swell and, if present, turns into a moist gel that tightly fills and covers the wound. Both the degree and rate of gel formation depend on the amount of secretion available. The More will be the exudates, the faster the gel formation. Adding an excess of sodium ions further dissolves the gel, allowing the calcium alginate fibers remaining in the wound to be reabsorbed. If necessary, it can also be washed off withs a line without problems.

4. Antimicrobial Wound Dressing
Keri AMD is pure cotton treated with polyhexamethylene large wand in. These antibacterial agents inhibit the growth of bacteria in the dressing and also reduce the penetration of bacteria through the product. Wound dressings are made from a hydrophobic bacteria absorbent material containing an antimicrobial active ingredient that is not released into the wound, preferably a mixture of hydrophobic fibers and fibers having antimicrobial properties.

The value of medical textiles for the improvement of life and the improvement of human beings is great. The development of new  technologies and new items will help patients overcome their previous pain. In order to get the right hygienic products, you need to focus on the development of new technologies as well as the price of the products.