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Textiles and Costumes of Malaysia

Published: August 4, 2020
Author: Md. Asiqul Alam


The name “Malaysia” is a blend of “Malay” and the Latin-Greek postfix “which can be interpreted as “place where there is the Malays”. ‘Malay’ is an exonym for Melayu, an Austronesian ethnic gathering and a country local to the Maritime Southeast Asia. The beginning of the word ‘Melayu’ is unsure and dependent upon different hypotheses. The local epic writing, the Malay Annals, relates the etymological birthplace of “Melayu” to Sungai (‘Melayu waterway’) in Sumatra. The term is believed to be gotten from the Malay word melaju, a blend of the verbal prefix ‘me’ and the root word ‘laju’, signifying “to quicken”, used to portray the quickening solid flow of the waterway. Another hypothesis guarantees its birthplace from the Tamil words “malai” and “ur” signifying “mountain” and “city, land”, individually. found in the eleventh century’s engraving of Brihadeeswarar Temple.


Malaysia isn’t generally viewed as a significant craftsmanship place. One Malaysian workmanship vendor told the International Herald Tribune that the craftsmanship that sells best n Malaysia is “chocolate-box workmanship—little cats and still lifes and influencing coconut trees.”

Charlie Cham is maybe Malaysia’s most popular current specialists. Situated in Malacca, he sells significantly more of his craft abroad than he does it home. His works include unique figures against splendid hued foundations. The administration has been reproachful of his work. One work of art appeared at an inn had “enigmatically drawn genitalia.” An administration authority spotted it and inked over the private parts with an enchantment marker. The works of art were then evacuated and haven’t been seen since.


Palace of Seri Menanti in Negeri Sembilan

Customary Malay engineering utilizes refined building forms obviously fit to tropical conditions, for example, structures based on braces, which permit cross-ventilating breeze underneath the home to cool the house while relieving the impacts of the infrequent flood. Shrill rooftops and huge windows permit cross-ventilation as well as cut with complicated natural structures. Conventional houses in Negeri Sembilan were worked of hardwood and completely liberated from nails. They are manufactured utilizing shafts, which are held together by wedges. A lovely case of this kind of engineering can be found in the Old Palace of Seri Menanti in Negeri Sembilan, which was worked around 1905.

Melaka and George Town

The compositional styles of the diverse provincial forces are utilized in numerous structures worked somewhere in the range of 1511 and 1957. The best instances of pioneer engineering in Malaysia are found in Melaka (Malacca). Melaka and George Town have created more than 500 years of exchanging and social trades among East and West in the Straits of Malacca. The impacts of Asia and Europe have enriched these towns with a particular multicultural legacy; of government structures, places of worship, squares and strongholds. Melaka shows the beginning phases of this history starting in the fifteenth century Malay sultanate and the Portuguese and Dutch time frames starting in the mid sixteenth century while the private and business structures of George Town speaks to the British period from the finish of the eighteenth century to the center of the twentieth century. Together they establish a one of a kind building townscape without equal anyplace in East and Southeast Asia and have been perceived as the World Heritage recorded, ‘Notable Cities of the Straits of Malacca.’

In their paper “Malaysian Architectural Identity,” Wan Sharizatul Suraya and Wan Mohd Rashdi expressed: “Malaysian design shows Malaysian day by day life and Malaysian desires. A model is National Mosque which is one of the most conspicuous structure in Malaysia, it was assembled when Malaysia in the need of autonomy and opportunity image. The National Mosque was extraordinary compared to other mosque structures that reflect Malaysian personality (Tajuddin Mohd. Rasdi, 2000). Having a modest methodology in its demeanor and uniqueness in the structure of the rooftop collapsed plate; a similitude of regal umbrella utilized in royal residence. Emblematically, it is implied as the pioneer of every single other mosque. Be that as it may, the issue emerges in the issue of Malaysian structural character is; we might be distracted away with innovation and present day approach and simultaneously, we disregard to think the requirements of the structures and the open goals.


The official and national language of Malaysia is Malaysian, a normalized type of the Malay language. The phrasing according to government strategy is Bahasa Malaysia (truly “Malaysian language”)[252] yet enactment keeps on alluding to the official language as Bahasa Melayu (actually “Malay language”).[253] The National Language Act 1967 indicates the Latin (Rumi) content as the official content of the national language, however doesn’t restrict the utilization of the conventional Jawi content.

English stays a functioning second language, with its utilization took into account some official purposes under the National Language Act of 1967.In Sarawak, English is an official state language close by Malaysian. Generally, English was the accepted managerial language; Malay got prevalent after the 1969 race riots (13 May occurrence). Malaysian English, otherwise called Malaysian Standard English, is a type of English got from British English. Malaysian English is broadly utilized in business, alongside Manglish, which is a conversational type of English with substantial Malay, Chinese, and Tamil impacts. The administration debilitates the utilization of non-standard Malay however has no capacity to give mixes or fines to the individuals who utilize ill-advised Malay on their ads.

Numerous different dialects are utilized in Malaysia, which contains speakers of 137 living dialects. Peninsular Malaysia contains speakers of 41 of these dialects. The local clans of East Malaysia have their own dialects which are identified with, yet effectively discernable from, Malay. Iban is the fundamental inborn language in Sarawak while Dusunic and Kadazan dialects are spoken by the locals in Sabah. Chinese Malaysians dominatingly speak Chinese lingos from the southern territories of China. The more typical Chinese assortments in the nation are Cantonese, Mandarin, Hokkien, Hakka, Hainanese, and Fuzhou. The Tamil language is utilized transcendently by a lion’s share of Malaysian Indians alongside Telugu, Malayalam. Other South Asian dialects are likewise generally spoken in Malaysia, just as Thai. Few Malaysians have Caucasian heritage and communicate in creole dialects, for example, the Portuguese-based Malaccan Creoles, and the Spanish-based Chavacano language.


Malaysia has a multi-ethnic, multicultural, and multilingual society. The first culture of the zone originated from indigenous clans that possessed it, alongside the Malays who later moved there. Considerable impact exists from Chinese and Indian culture, going back to when outside exchange started. Other social impacts incorporate the Persian, Arabic, and British societies. Because of the structure of the administration, combined with the implicit agreement hypothesis, there has been insignificant social digestion of ethnic minorities.

In 1971, the administration made a “National Cultural Policy”, characterizing Malaysian culture. It expressed that Malaysian culture must be founded on the way of life of the indigenous people groups of Malaysia, that it might consolidate appropriate components from different societies, and that Islam must have an impact in it. It likewise advanced the Malay language above others. This administration intercession into culture has caused hatred among non-Malays who feel their social opportunity was diminished. Both Chinese and Indian affiliations have submitted reminders to the legislature, blaming it for defining an undemocratic culture strategy.

Some social questions exist among Malaysia and neighboring nations, quite Indonesia. The two nations have a comparative social legacy, sharing numerous conventions and things. Notwithstanding, debates have emerged over things running from culinary dishes to Malaysia’s national song of devotion. Solid sentiments exist in Indonesia about securing their national heritage.The Malaysian government and the Indonesian government have met to defuse a portion of the strains coming about because of the covers in culture. Sentiments are not as solid in Malaysia, where most perceive that numerous social qualities are shared.


1. Thaipusam (late January/ early February)

Malaysia has a sizable Tamil populace in the western pieces of the nation, particularly around Kuala Lumpur. During either late January or early February when the moon is full, the Tamils hold one of their most significant occasions. Thaipusam remembers Murugan overcoming an underhanded soul called Soorapadman.

During this celebration, you’ll see fans puncture portions of their body, cheeks and tongue. Some convey a Kavadi. A Kavadi is a beautifying thing that admirers use to infiltrate their body. From an outsider’s point of view, Thaipusam is uncommon and to some degree novel to the Tamil people group making it impossible you’ll get the opportunity to encounter it once more.

For a progressively visual thought of what this celebration involves and if it’s something you’d need to observe, look at pictures and recordings online first. The grisliness might be a lot for a few.

In Malaysia, Thaipusam happens yearly at Batu Caves on the edges of Kuala Lumpur. Batu Caves has a Hindu sanctuary inside a cavern. Guests need to stroll up 272 stages to arrive at the sanctuary

2. Chinese New Year (February)

Chinese New Year is the biggest Chinese Festival in Malaysia. During the occasion, you’ll see lion and mythical serpent moves around the city, which include individuals dressing in outfits to perform ritualist moves for good karma and to pursue underhanded spirits away. Chinese Malaysians will have the moves performed at their homes, shops, organizations. A few urban communities have lion moves, exhibitions and customary music in open services.

Shopping centers and open spaces have red lights for embellishment. Youngsters and adolescents generally get ‘ang pow’, a red parcel loaded up with fortunate cash. Red is the shade of good karma in Chinese culture. Mandarin oranges are extremely well known during this celebration, and each house you visit will give you an orange.

The Lantern Festival finishes up the 15 days of Chinese New Year. Kids will go to sanctuaries in the nights conveying paper lamps.

3. Wesak Day (May)

Malaysian Buddhists observe Wesak Day, or Buddha’s Birthday, on Sunday nearest to the May’s full moon. Buddhists around the nation will go to the sanctuary and go to an assistance. The objective of one of the most significant strict festivals in the Buddhist world is to respect Gautama’s introduction to the world, edification and demise.

Merriments start at the sanctuary with dedicated priests wearing saffron robes interceding and reciting while at the same time copying incense and making supplications. A few pieces of Malaysia, for example, Penang with a sizeable Buddhist people group, have parades loaded up with blossoms and candles. In case you’re in Malaysia towards the finish of May, check online to perceive what exercises and merriments are occurring close to you. Or on the other hand, head to one of the sanctuaries and watch the festival.

4. Kaamatan Harvest Festival in Sabah (30th and 31st May)

Sabah’s most huge social occasion happens every year on the 30th and 31st May. The Kaamatan Harvest Festival is an old agnostic festival to respect the effective reap by the ethnic Kadazan-Dusun, a custom that goes back hundreds of years. Today, be that as it may, there’s more accentuation on the social side of things and hosting a get-together with loads of food, drink and music.

Nearby Sabahans welcome their loved ones to their home and serve unlimited amounts of food and drink while others participate in open occasions. Different presentations are held around the Kadazan Dusun Cultural Association Hall (KDCA) situated in Penampang. The open festivals have customary hitting the dance floor with artists wearing ethnic outfits. Expect heaps of Tapai and Lihing, a sort of rice wine. You’ll additionally discover bunches of provincial nourishments including hinava (matured fish) and bambangan (a sort of cured natural product with yellow tissue like mango).

A marvel expo, Unduk Ngadau, happens inside the social corridor and the victor is reported toward the finish of the Harvest Festival. Neighborhood Sabahan ladies from around the state come to flaunt their appearance and style in the expectation of being delegated the current year’s Unduk Ngadau, which is a lofty title.

5. Gawai Harvest Festival (1st and 2nd June)


Gawai is Sarawak’s adaptation of the Harvest Festival. Indigenous gatherings including the Bidayuh, Murut, Kayan and Iban participate in one of the state’s biggest and most well known celebrations. Similarly as Kaamatan, Gawai was before an agnostic celebration that has advanced into even more an open gathering as opposed to strict festival.

Sarawakians frequently have bunches of open houses with a wealth of food and drink. Loved ones will come, and it’s average to visit various open-houses in a single day. Sarawak’s rendition of rice wine is called ‘tuak’ and drank in enormous volumes for the duration of the day. They likewise have a wonder exhibition called Kumang and Keling Gawai where the two people can enter. Gawai comes full circle with the delegated of the King and Queen (Keling and Kumang) of the Festival.

Scarcely any outsiders get the opportunity to encounter the Harvest Festival, and in case you’re in either Sabah or Sarawak at that point, it’s strongly prescribed to look at it. Different open occasions occur, and in the event that you have a nearby contact, you’re nearly ensured to get an encouragement to go along.

6. Eid (Hari Raya Aidilfitri, June)

Eid is the biggest festival in the Islamic world. Hari Raya doesn’t have a fixed date every year. Rather, strict specialists decide the time dependent on the lunar Hijri month.

Before Eid, Muslims around the globe, incorporating those in Malaysia, quick for a month during Ramadan. Fasting includes not eating, drinking and smoking from dawn to nightfall. Eid festivities start toward the finish of Ramadan and is the greatest celebration in Malaysia. Individuals go to the mosque in the first part of the day for petitions before getting back and having an open house. Run of the mill food incorporates rendang (meat), satay (Malaysian kebabs) and clingy rice alongside a huge assortment of scones and desserts.

7. Rainforest World Music Festival, Kuching, Sarawak (mid-July)

The Rainforest World Music Festival happens in Kuching, Sarawak, in mid-July. Since the time 1998, global artists plummet on Sarawak’s funding to act in this three-day occasion. The concert has overall acknowledgment and draws in a significant number outside sightseers for the unrecorded music and exhibitions. Types frequently incorporate present day styles blended in with customary instruments to make a mesmerizing combination of sound. The Sarawak Cultural Village has the occasion and has workshops, artworks and food as well.

8. Independence Day/ National Day (31st August)

On 31st August 1957, Malaysia pronounced their freedom from the British and framed the Federation of Malaya. After an all-encompassing time of frontier rule, Malaysia, around then was known as Malaya, at long last picked up power.

Most occasions happen on Merdeka Square in Kuala Lumpur. As the clock strikes 12 PM on the 31st August, a firecracker show fills the Kuala Lumpur sky with shading to begin Independence Day festivities. Later in the day, you’ll see marches in the lanes and exhibitions by younger students and government employees. After the function, live shows where a large number of local people head to the settings to appreciate the occasion. On the off chance that you haven’t encountered Malaysian’s National Day festivities previously, head down to Kuala Lumpur and participate. Simply follow the groups.

9. Deepavali (November)

Deepavali, or the ‘Celebration of Light’s, is the most beautiful celebration in Malaysia. Neighborhood Hindus celebrate by utilizing hued chalk to draw examples and shapes on the ground while simultaneously dissipating shaded rice. All races and religions are free to participate in the occasion, which happens in individuals’ homes or open zones, for example, the shopping center.

In case you’re in Malaysia during this occasion, anticipate a ton of Indian food marked down in the avenues. Custom made samosas, murukku and curries get sold on slows down creation an effectively wide assortment of Indian food much more promptly accessible. Little India, close KL Sentral, in Kuala Lumpur will be loaded with shading and exercises consistently of the day and will be well worth looking at.

10. The Dragon Boat Festival (December)

The Penang International Dragon Boat Festival is Penang’s greatest occasion and a vacationer’s top choice. This yearly multi day celebration is sorted out by the Penang State Tourism begins from 9:00am to 5:00pm. In excess of 40 Malaysian and global racers go to the Teluk Bahang Dam, which is found 18 kilometers from Georgetown, to go up against one another in vivid customary pontoons joined by rhythms.

Contenders originate from around South East Asia including Singapore, Hong Kong and China. On the off chance that you find the opportunity to join in, there’s additionally bunches of neighborhood food on special and exhibitions to engage the group. The Dragon Boat Festival is a novel encounter and is a most loved for the two local people and travelers who are in Penang.


Tarian Zapin

The impact of Islam on conventional Malay move can be seen fundamentally in the move of Zapin. Zapin was presented by preachers from the Middle East. The move is extremely well known in the territory of Johor.

Tarian Joget

Tarian Joget is Malaysia’s most well known customary move, is an energetic hit the dance floor with a peppy beat. Performed by couples that performed quick, agile developments with perky diversion. The Joget has its sources in Portuguese people move, which was acquainted with Melaka during the time of the flavor exchange.


Malaysia’s cooking mirrors the multi-ethnic cosmetics of its populace. Numerous societies from inside the nation and from encompassing areas have extraordinarily affected the food. A significant part of the impact originates from the Malay, Chinese, Indian, Thai, Javanese, and Sumatran cultures, largely because of the nation being a piece of the old zest course. The cooking is fundamentally the same as that of Singapore and Brunei, and furthermore looks somewhat like Filipino food. The various states have shifted dishes, and frequently the food in Malaysia is not quite the same as the first dishes.

sambal belacan

lamb an d butter bean stew


The primary gatherings are the Dusun, Murut, Paitan and Bajau gatherings.

In spite of the fact that the Malays are likewise indigenous to Malaysia, they are not ordered as indigenous people groups, since they establish the larger part and are political, monetarily and socially predominant.


Assortments of Malaysia’s conventional materials incorporate batik, songket, pua kumbuand tekat. These materials are made into a wide range of enriching things, from high fashion garments to shoes, vivid drapes and fragile bed cloth.

  1. Batik:

Referring to the procedure of coloring texture by utilizing a safe method; covering territories of material with wax to forestall it engrossing hues. The hues in batik are substantially more impervious to wear than those of painted or printed textures on the grounds that the fabric is totally submerged in color.

2. Songket:

Utilizing a complex beneficial weft procedure where gold strings are woven in the middle of the longitudinal silk strings of the foundation material. Previously, this rich and extravagant texture showed the economic wellbeing of the Malay tip top.

3. Pua Kumbu:

Made from separately colored strings on a back tie loom. Its otherworldly themes are motivated by dreams and antiquated animist convictions. The examples that rise are a combination of the genuine and dreamlike. Also, each weave is particular of its producer’s hand.

Tekat: The craft of weaving brilliant string onto a base material, by and large velvet, was customarily used to enrich customary Malay weddings formal attire.


1. Tekat

Tekat, or referred to in Perak as Tekat Bersuji or Hiasan Suji Timbul, is the craft of weaving brilliant string for the most part on velvet, is ostensibly the most noteworthy of the enlivening expressions found in Malay culture.

The workmanship, found in the convention of Malay people group all through the peninsular, rose because of the Chinese impact in the time of the Malacca Sultanate. The craftsmanship created in the neighborhood Chinese people group. As told by Hikayat writing, Tekat thrived as it was actualized in court practice, installed in imperial clothing and formal hardware.

Services, for example, Majlis Berkhatam Quran and Majilis Bersunat, perceive the magnificence of Tekat, consequently highlighting the weaving in their improvements, representing the regard and worth the Malay people group holds for Tekat. Presently, Tekat can be found on ordinary family unit things too.

The craftsmanship found in Tekat created by Malays and acquired of the baba networks from China, show particular contrasts. The fundamental contrast being found in the themes. Chinese Tekat is equipped towards creature themes, for example, winged serpents and phoenixes. Malay Tekat outline plant or flower themes and geometric structures.

Tekat just proceeds in a couple of states inside the Peninsular presently, Johor, Selangor, Pahang, Perak and Negeri Sembilan. With Perak known to deliver the highest caliber and most lovely Tekat.

2. Murut Tangala Embroidery

The Murut Tangala weaving found in the clothing of the Murut Tangala clan from Sabah, is possibly an under-appreciated skill.

As uncovered by Dainsing, from Kampung Inarad, Tongod, during “MANAH: A Living Legacy” show, she is the last inside her town to know themart of the weaving.

As indicated by legend, the predecessors of the Murut Tangala clan previously took in weaving and weaving from the arachnids, as they spun their networks in wild.

As much as the weaving is a craftsmanship, it is likewise a science as it includes cautious count starting with one join then onto the next. If not, it prompts a broken a piece.

Every theme of example is representative, being passed down from ages. Complicatedly strung and woven, the weaving is a social fortune, speaking to their history and individuals.

3. Keringkam

In Sarawak, the craft of Keringkam is rehearsed by not very many.

Keringkam, whose name is gotten from gold or silver covered string, is the craft of weaving nature-propelled themes or Ronda Joneh, meshing the string into ribbon edges.

It is realized that the higher the quantity of themes weaved, the higher its worth.

Customarily, the scarf, worn a riches signifier as in the past it was just worn and managed by blue-blooded ladies. In any case, these days they are barely observed at Malay weddings.

There are two sorts of Keringkam, a Selayah Keringkam, a short scarf which covers the head and bears, and the Selendang Keringkam, a long scarf which arrives at the abdomen.

A substance and domentation official from the Sarawak Museum Campus, Natasha Nur Amarina states that there are just around 10 craftsmans left in Sarawak.

The weaving which is totally hand strung, requires unending time and persistence. A straightforward piece can take up to a few months to finish. The specialty of Keringkam stays essential of Sarawak Malay legacy, as they push to recollect and safeguard their foundations.


The fundamental networks of Malaysia are Malay, Chinese and Indian, every one of which has its own customary garments. Most Malaysians dress like westerners. It is generally on extraordinary events just that the residents wear the customary dress of Malaysia. All the multi-ethnic conventional garments of Malaysia are multi-shaded, bespoke of their way of life and emanating dynamic quality.

Let us view the customary garments of Malaysia and its various networks.

  1. Malay

Malay is the most conspicuous ethnic gathering in Malaysia. Pakaian is the word for dress in the official language. The conventional dress is diverse for guys and females and is typically in splendid and uproarious hues.

Men: The conventional clothing of Malay men is called baju melayu, which is a free tunic matched with pants and a sarong which is known as sampin. Men additionally wear the customary cap, called songkok or kopiah with it. A few men incline toward wearing batik shirts with pants.

Ladies: The antiquated conventional dress for Malay ladies was kemban, which included sarongs tied over the chest. The current conventional dress for ladies is baju kurung, which contains a knee-length, full-sleeved pullover and a long skirt called kain. The skirt is creased on one side. This clothing is typically joined by a scarf on the head. A semi formal rendition is the kebaya, which is a skin-fit two piece outfit.

2. Chinese

The greater part of the individuals from the Chinese people group dwelling in Malaysia don’t dress customarily. They like to dress easygoing. Be that as it may, during celebrations, uncommonly the Chinese New Year, they are seen in conventional outfits.

Men: Although uncommon, Chinese men in Malaysia wear their customary dress called tang suit. Tang suit is a sort of coat that has a neckline and a bunch at the gut and is for the most part flower. It has been named after the Tang realm, by abroad Chinese individuals. The name was proposed on the grounds that the Tang realm was incredible to the point that the outsiders called Chinese “Tang individuals”.

Ladies: Chinese ladies in Malaysia wear cheongsam (signifies ‘long dress’) during celebrations and formal occasions. Cheongsam, additionally called qipao, is a silk one piece dress with a neckline and fastens at the midriff, either in the middle or as an afterthought. Senior ladies dress in samfoo, which is a kind of lower leg length gasp with a free fitted top with catches at the middle. Another famous customary outfit is worn by Chinese ladies in Malaysia is hanfu, which is a mix of a free pullover and a long skirt and a belt band.

3. Indians

Exchange among Malaysia and India is very smooth, as a result of which Malaysian Indians get a decent amount of customary garments from their nation. Subsequently, the Indians in Malaysia have adhered to their underlying foundations as far as customary dresses.

Men: Indian men in Malaysia wear kurta-pajama, dhoti-kurta or lungi-kurta. Kurta is regularly a knee length shirt. Another well known adaptation of kurta is sherwani, which is worn during weddings and different celebrations. Dhoti and lungi are sorts of loose brings down.

Ladies: Most Indian ladies in Malaysia wear saree and shirt. Sari is a six yard bit of material, hung around the body such that it would seem that a skirt with creases in the middle and part of a similar fabric covers one shoulder and hangs underneath till the knees. A few ladies likewise wear salwar kurta, which is a tunic worn with free bottoms and long scarf called dupatta.

4. Peranakan (Baba Nyonya)

Peranakans are Chinese workers who wedded Malays. They adore their tribal divine beings and follow their unique conventions, yet have adjusted to the way of life of the Malays, including learning their language.

Peranakans, additionally called Baba Nyonya, dress in baju panjang. Baju panjang is a long dress adjusted from Malay’s customary baju kurung. Baju panjang is a batik sarong worn with three kersang (pins) and beaded shoes, known as kasot manek.

5. Kadazan

Kadazan is an indegenious ethnic gathering in Sabah, Malaysia. Their conventional clothing types are very much rationed since their past

Men: Their conventional dress is a coat with brilliant structures, worn with pants and a headgear known as siga. The siga is made of handwoven destar material.

Ladies: Their conventional ensemble is known as papar and is essentially a weaved one piece made of gold string alongside a belt of silver coins. A headgear made of bamboo strips, known as siung, is likewise worn. This clothing is typically produced using dark velvet or silk.

6. Iban

The Ibans are an indigenous network in Malaysia. They are known for their warrior-like outfits and weaving of vivid, designed cotton materials called “pua kumbu”.

Men: Iban men have baju burung as their conventional dress. This is fundamentally a warrior-like outfit having vest on top and a skirt like woven fabric as the base. These men likewise wear a silver belt, armlet and anklet and a headgear.

Ladies: The conventional dress of Iban ladies is made of bidang material (a fabric utilized for sewing ladies’ skirts) and comprises of marek empang (a chest embellishment), sugu tinggi (headgear) and silver extras including belt, bangles, and so forth.

7. Portuguese Immigrants

Aside from the previously mentioned networks, Malaysia additionally has relatives from Portugal, who have their own customary dresses.

Men: Portuguese men in Malaysia wear coats with pants and abdomen scarves.

Ladies: Women have layered skirts, for the most part in dark or red hues.

Malaysia is the center point of conventions and culture, particularly during celebrations. The differing scope of networks with their particular customary outfits make the nation remarkable. It flawlessly represents unity among the ethnic gatherings by the excellencies of common regard and acknowledgment of assorted variety. A guest in Malaysia gets the opportunity to observe the lovely cluster of merriments and culture regularly. This builds mindfulness and ingrains a feeling of solidarity among the watchers.


Gems and outfit extras from Malaysia incorporate cowhide created merchandise, beadwork pieces of jewelry from Borneo or finely made gold and silver gems enhanced with pearls.

  1. Kerongsang:

A three-piece ornament set generally used to stick the lapels of the baju kebaya together. Kerongsang ordinarily comes in sets of three. The common three-piece set involves a kerongsang ibu (mother piece) which is bigger and heavier. The other two are known as the kerongsang anak (kid pieces) and are worn underneath the kerongsang ibu.

2. Cucuk Sanggul:

A customary fastener used to make sure about hair in a bun at the rear of ladies’ heads. Ordinarily made of gold or silver, these fasteners are regularly worn in graduated arrangements of three, five or seven by ladies and conventional artists.

3. Pending:

A huge, complicatedly ornamented belt clasp worn around the sampin, a skirt-like fabric worn by men, to supplement their baju melayu, the conventional clothing for men. Generally, the pending is an indication of riches and status for men.

– by Anushka Dwivedi

picture credits-(google images)


  1. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Malaysia
  2. https://www.holidify.com/pages/traditonal-clothes-of-malaysia-3820.html
  3. https://12go.asia/en/malaysia/festivals
  4. http://factsanddetails.com/southeast-asia/Malaysia/sub5_4f/entry-3157.html#:~:text=Traditional%20Architecture%20in%20Malaysia,-Traditional%20Malay%20architecture&text=Characteristic%20elements%20include%20muqarnas%2C%20horseshoe,%3A%20traditional%20and%20Baba%2DNyonya.
  5. https://steemit.com/life/@ainie.kashif/hhg11-malaysian-traditional-dances-exotic-and-enchanting#:~:text=Tarian%20Joget%20is%20Malaysia’s%20most,era%20of%20the%20spice%20trade.
  6. https://www.iwgia.org/en/malaysia#:~:text=The%20main%20groups%20are%20the,political%2C%20economically%20and%20socially%20dominant.
  7. http://www.dailyseni.com/v4/malaysia-history-embroidery/#:~:text=Tekat%2C%20or%20known%20in%20Perak,arts%20found%20in%20Malay%20culture.&text=Chinese%20Tekat%20is%20geared%20towards,such%20as%20dragons%20and%20phoenixes.
  8. http://factsanddetails.com/southeast-asia/Malaysia/sub5_4f/entry-3657.html#:~:text=Jewelry%20and%20costume%20accessories%20from,comes%20in%20sets%20of%20three.

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