In no country in the world the textile industry spans so deep and varietal be across fibres or across value chain of the industry or in terms of organization of production. May be due to this phenomenon, India has a dedicated Ministry for Textiles. The industry has its presence in cotton, silk, Manmade fibre, Jute, wool and in Value chain, Ginning, Spinning, weaving, Processing and Garmenting besides technical textiles. To add to this matrix, the value chain/fibre components are present both in Organised and decentralized sector and almost all the sectoral components cater to both domestic and international markets. As per the statistics, the decentralized sector(weaving) contribute close to 96 percent of cloth production in the country and only the rest is by organized mill sector. Enough has been discussed, deliberated on this state of affairs in various forums-academic, industry and Government missionary alike that had once resulted in favourable policy framework to fillip decentralized production mode. It is said the decentralized weaving production mode is with benefits of lower cost of production, faster product mix changes, shorter working capital cycle, varietal and lower quantum of production to cater to the ever changing marketing trends, benefits of being MSME units like employment generation for unorganized labour, industry spread and so –on. But has problems like non-standardized products, quality issues, not able to catering flawless long length of cloth to the subsequent links in the value chain, wet processing and Garmenting, so also the same for wet processing in the decentralized sector. The varietal production in low quantum across the fibres is n fact a USP of Indian textile industry and there are export consignments with less than INR One Lakh. But in the era of Garmenting for mass consumption both in national and international markets, this could be a bane.
As Consumerism is taking centre stage post industrialization era, today’s consumer orientation on textiles are value for money, appeal and in tune with market trends and is least on source of material. As most of the textiles consumption of men, women and children are in the form garments- both apparel and non apparel, the consumer is not vary of source of cloth production- whether Organised or Decentralised sector and thus it is the time to strengthen the links in the Textile Value Chain. The policy framework should orient the decentralized sector units (of MSME) to
1) Consolidate the capacity – capacity augmentation within the unit
2) Quality orientation
3) better professionalism and managerial inputs to face nuances of national and international markets.
The decentralized sector which is clothing the nation should unite and come out as a combined force and should take Indian Textile Industry to the next level
“If you want to walk fast go alone. If you want to go far walk together”
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P.O Ambawadi Vistar
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