Improving the Textile Education in Maharashtra.

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[1] what is Education? It can be defined as the wise, hopeful and respectful cultivation of learning undertaken in the belief that all should have the chance to share in life. Education, as we understand, is a process of inviting truth and possibility of encouraging and giving time to develop knowledge and vigour.  Learningis a process of outcome. As a process it is part of living in the world with majesty. Education is respectful, being informed and wise appreciating what can make people flourish. It develops the capacity to reflect. It Ables to evaluate and judge the situations.

An educated man knows, understand what to accept and what to deliver. His communication skill increases, and he can influence others with proper justification. He can visualise between good and bad. He can prepare and build the Nation. It is the Instrument to be perfect, makes the way to earn bread & butter and knows how to build the future career with full honour.

[2] What is the Technical Education? Technology education is the study of technology, in which students “learn about the processes and knowledge related to technology”. Technical education is learning something about a specific work scientifically in detail and practical. Technical knowledge has expanded like anything in every way in special sphere and the experts get ready right from the 1st year in the Engineering Colleges. Technology education is an offshoot of the Industrial Arts tradition  and the Craft teaching . It is a kind of education which equips with skills that involve the use of practical approaches and other physical instruments in executing and implementing projects. The Technical education helps to increase the educational engagement, achievement, and attainment of students who are not excelling in more traditional academic programs. The practical learning experiences that are often provided in career and technical programs appeal to many students, and certain common elements—the focus on critical thinking, new technologies, real-world settings, hands-on activities, and the application of learning to practical problems, and civic contexts throughout a student’s life., It is suggested that  rather than learning from books, taking tests, and discussing abstract concepts in classrooms, students should gain practical, relevant, marketable skills that will help them more employable adults after graduation.

The government of India constituted the All India Council for Technical Education (AICTE) in 1945 as a national level apex advisory body for conducting a survey on the facilities available for technical education in the country. The aim was to promote development of technical education in a coordinated and integrated way.

[3] The Importance and Benefits of Technical Education: The main aim of the technical education is that, it makes the students skilled and technically fit for the industries. The technical education schemes are having very good opportunities for career and employment. It imparts the knowledge strongly from the basics to advanced and modern technologies for the budding technical aspirants. The education which provides special practical knowledge of technologies and skills is known as technical education. It is different from general education. As far as concern the technical education promotes independent and self-learning, tunes the student effectively and increases the potential of the students. The technical education is not about studying and passing of the examinations, but it imparted a technical bias to the electrifying today’s students.

Technical Education offers good opportunities for employments and it would be helpful to make successful career. If we talk about the technical education, it contributes a major share to the overall education system and plays an important role in the social and economic development of our nation. In India, technical education is imparted at various level right from ITI ,Diploma to any higher level in specialized technical fields, accommodating to various aspects of technological development and economic progress.

In this era of unemployment, only technical education can assure one of a job or source of income in terms of technical skills and it can provide comfortable living. Those who are still in the conventional institutions, passing examination that have little relevance in the modern systems, may not find opportunities of employment. And, quite naturally, they end up becoming the victims of frustration and find themselves in dilemma in this modern world.

If a country owns enough technical hands with full of skills, it undoubtedly accelerates the pace of development. Technical hands cannot be unemployed. On the other hand, technical hands do not need to request others for jobs, if they start their own business; they can provide job opportunities to other educated people as well. Thus technical education helps us to reduce the problem of unemployment.

[4] The Education in Textile Technology:   The Textile technology is a program of study that can cover a broad range of topics, from chemistry and physics in textile production to textiles used in apparel , Garments and interior design ,Technical , industrial  & Medical Textiles, Cotton to Polymers, All natural Fibres like Jute, linen, hemp, bamboo , banana to Silk and in every sphere of Life . It is the 2nd highest employer after Agriculture and highest earnings of revenue from Export market. It has the wide Industrial range from Agricultural field to Spinning, Weaving, wet processing, Knitting, Garment, Textile Machinery to Govt jobs and Corporate sectors.

It has the wide scope of the Self employment and entrepreneurship. Training in textile science offers a variety of career options, including in the manufacturing and design industries. Textile Manufacturer, Textile Design Job Information, ,Textile Designer ,Interior Designer , marketing and Sales in Yarn, Fabrics and Textile Machineries.

[5] The Textile Colleges in Maharashtra: Out of 36 Degree Textile Engineering Colleges in India, Maharashtra is having 7 Degree colleges inclusive Textile Technology & that of Textile Chemistry, 5 Diploma colleges in Textile Technology, 5 Diploma colleges in Garment and Dress Designing, 2 Colleges in Home Sc. And 1 Nift. Apart from them, there are some more Private Diploma Colleges in garment and fashion in Nasik, Latur, Aurangabad areas and all are in the control of MSBTE. The total passing Students per year is approx. 1100 inclusive all. Now the Question is how many of them are employable and how many are getting Employment in each year?

[6] Who gets preference in employment?

(i) If the students are from Branded Colleges like ICT, VJTI etc

(ii) If the Alumni of that colleges is very strong and supportive

(iii) The college is having very good rapport with the Industries and that of Employers

(iv) The Student himself/herself is able to impress the Employer either by personal contact, through skype or telephonic or could impress during in plant Training

(v) Having good knowledge in subject which the management demands

(vi) The Project work performed by him/her found to be helpful by the Industries

(vii) Not much choosy about the Organization, it`s location and Salaries , nature of job and duty hours , ready to do any hard work to gain the experience

(viii) Having his/her own potential to impress the employer during face to face interview and

(ix) overall impressive personality , good communication power , good writing skills, having manageable GK .

[7] How to prepare the students of Textile especially in Maharashtra? The preparation of the Textile students in Maharashtra is not much differ from other states in India except

(i) Maharashtra is Industrial rich hence easy job available

(ii) 70% of the students in any college in this state is local and 30 % is from other states hence the students prefer to communicate in local Language than to learn English .

I would like to suggest the followings in these aspects.

(i) Although the job availabilities are not so difficult especially in Maharashtra but to prosper in future in the Industries, the syllabus must be in accordance to the need of the Industries. At every 3 years, the syllabus is to be changed by the syllabus committee where the Industrial Experts including Alumni must be present

(ii) The industrial Visits should be at least two in each Semester where various types of industries must be covered.

(iii) the vocational training must be two /three within 8 semester

(iv) There should be job assignment to each student in each semester who`s marks with attendance to be taken into consideration. For example, there can be total 20 marks for the assignment where 10 can be for the subject and 10 can be for the attendance. This should be included in the over all marks in the semester. This will increase more analytical approach, writing skills, enhance sincerity to attend the classes, and the students will be more devoted.

(v) There should be some debate classes/competition by which the speaking power in English with expression will be enhanced.

(vi)  The students have taken in granted that their employment is the responsibilities of their college and even the insincere students feel that they need not to upgrade their calibre to face the competition in the job market and accordingly they should be prepared himself/herself by attending the classes , Industries and In plant trainings .

(vii) Let the students organise the Industry visits and let them prepare the drafts of the letters to be sent to the employers so that their communication skill will be enhanced , feel the responsibilities, understand the toughness  in the job market and would understand the value of the job.

(viii) The Campus Interview etc should be organised by them in coordination with the Faculty members .

(ix) Let the Industrial experts and Alumni visit the Institution at each week to interact with the students who will explain the expectation of the Industries and how to be get ready for the same . One weekly slot (say every Thursday 3 to 5pm) can be kept ready for the same.

(x) Let the students show the dreams of the brighter future and let them just not think that as they are in Maharashtra state the jobs are near their door!

(xi) The students are to be aware of the name of the Industries at various categories (today most of them are aware of hardly a few name of the Branded Name) so that they accept any job in any industry at any place.

(xii) The most of the female students do not want to go to the far off places from their natives because of the fear of the uncertainty , lack in knowledge of that particular location( more restricted by their parents as they are totally unaware)  and they want jobs of her choice especially those are from the Garment Background. Hence such students can be arranged Entrepreneurship Training so that they can start their own business in group or individually to earn their bread& butter.

(xiii) It is disappointing fact that after getting good jobs in good industries through Campus or by arranging the jobs , they leave

(a)  because of marriage

(b) Parents do not allow them to stay in far away

(c) Fear of social uncertainty that “my daughter may marry any one out of my cast “at the working place

(d)Fear that  “If the daughter is not getting married within 24 years of her age  then I will lose my social status”!

(e) daughter should be a housewife than to be an employee / officer etc. Hence the female students and their parents can be counselled that “if the daughter is the self sufficient then her future is more secured”. The marriage is unavoidable which is the part and parcel of the life but today, in the age of competition and looking to be Economic conditions, the female students must not leave any lucrative job that supports her family too.

[8] Conclusions:

  • The education makes a man perfect in gaining his/her knowledge, it improves one`s thought process who can differentiate between good & bad and makes one`s life easy.
  • The Technical education makes a man fit to earn his livelihood; his future prospects improves through his gain in skills.
  • Textile Technology is a vast ocean today and there are multiple scopes to earn bread in this profession including self-employment.
  • In this course, the students from the Branded colleges get preferences in the Job market
  • The strong Alumni, good Industrial relationship with the Institutions are also the key for the job availabilities to the future.
  • The students must search and create their own jobs rather than to expect 100% jobs will be arranged by the college and put them at the industries of their liking the department, Industry and location. The college should just guide them. They should be self-prepared for the jobs.
  • Maharashtra State being the self-sufficient state in the Industries, the students must not neglect to communicate in good English so that they can go to other states, must have the geographical knowledges of other states and industries.
  • The female students especially from the rural background feel uncertain to go to the far-off places and hence the Industries do not prefer them. They should be trained how to become Self sufficient in earning their bread and butter.

Dr. Bibekananda Basu