Loom Knitting: An Overview

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You probably know that you can knit with needles and weave with a loom, but have you ever heard of knitting with a loom? Not only is it possible, but loom knitting is a fast and fun way to create all kinds of beautifully knit items.

Easy on the hands, loom knitting is the craft technique of using a loom instead of needles to create beautiful knitted fabric, which can be transformed into sublime homeware, fashions and cosy accessories. Using a loom might look fiddly business, but loom knitting is surprisingly easy when you know how, and is even great for kids!

Loom knitting has been around for hundreds, maybe thousands, of years. The most reliable information dates back to the 16th century, when someone was looking to create an alternative method of knitting and a framed knitting “machine” was born. If you’ve ever tried finger knitting or spool knitting, you’ll see the connection, which may even be how this larger form of knitting on a loom came to be.

About Knitting Loom:

The iconic ‘loom’, which simply refers to the crafty contraption used to weave together yarn (or thread) to produce fabric, has widespread origins from Europe in the Middle Ages to the intricate craftwork of the Amerindian tribes of the Americas.

Today, loom knitting remains a celebrated technique that can be used to create anything from gorgeous wall hangings, hats, scarfs, blankets and beyond!

Loom knitting is especially brilliant for those who experience sore hands, such as those with arthritis or carpal tunnel syndrome. It’s also a wonderful alternative for those who simply favour a needleless approach to their projects, not to mention that the technique is incredibly fast so you can whip up marvellous creations in record time. With a variety of knitting looms and a broad spectrum of techniques available, loom knitting provides the basis to create diverse and showstopping projects. But first, let’s talk looms.

Types Of Knitting Loom:

There are many varieties of loom available depending on the project you’re embarking on. While rake (long) looms are excellent for flat panel projects such as blankets, circular looms are joyously compatible with hats and cowls. Here are some of the types of loom you are likely to encounter on your loom knitting adventure.

Rake looms:

Rake looms, also known as long looms, are characterised by a single row of pegs, generally used to create flat panel projects such as blankets and scarves from single knitting. When two rakes are set aside one another you then have what as known as a knitting board. Some rake looms on the market may include two rows with an additional peg on either end of the loom allowing you to work in the round if you so wish. Just like regular knitting, fabric produced from a simple rake loom will have a knit side and purl side. The gauge of the long knitting loom is determined by the distance between each pin, so the closer together your pins the finer your knitted fabric.

Circular or Round Looms:

Round knitting looms refer to a loom where there is no stopping point, unlike its cousin the rake. A round knitting loom is any device where you can continuously weave, this might appear in a menagerie of wonderful shapes and sizes, including circular, oval, square, triangular and even heart-shaped looms. Round loom knitting projects are often (but not exclusively) tubular shaped because of ability to continuously knit in the round, which means if you’re looking to make socks, sleeves or cowls, or anything that might have a tube or circle shape – round looms are a must!

Afghan looms: 

S-loom, or the serenity loom, has an ‘infinity’ figure of eight structure, and is the perfect knitting loom for crafting large panels of fabric which can be sewn together to create dreamy afghans and blankets.

Sock loom:

Sock looms include an adjustable gauge so you can easily create increases and decreases to knit the perfect size for your whole family, whether you’re creating grown up socks or baby booties.

How it works:

Most loom knitting falls into three categories: circular knitting, which forms a tube; single knitting, which forms a single panel; and double knitting, which forms a reversible, extra thick fabric. Different types of looms help make this possible, some are already mentioned above.

Your favourite knitting stitches can be created on your loom according to how you wrap the yarn around the pegs. Different wrapping techniques will produce different textures and designs to produce satisfyingly plush projects from traditional stitches to more intricate styles including lace or cablework.

How to use a knitting loom:

Knitting looms come in a variety of shapes and sizes depending on what kind of project you are making. While long looms work best for projects like scarves, round (or circular) looms are best for hats, socks or anything that has a tube structure.

You can do single knitting on any type of loom, while circular knitting requires a continuous ring or frame of pegs. If you have a round loom but want to make a flat (non-tube) piece of knitting, simply work back and forth on the pegs instead of going around in a circle.

Both single and circular knitting usually begin with an e-wrap cast on, which wraps the yarn around each peg you are using for your project. The process of wrapping remains the same as you add more rows or rounds of stitches.

Base, pegs and gauge:

While talking about the basics, the anatomy of a loom is made up of three essential components; base, pegs and gauge.
• The base is the frame at the bottom of your loom which might be a long or round available in lots of sizes.
• The pegs describe the multiple short pins attached to the base – sometimes these are just called pins.
• The gauge is the distance between each peg (or pin), the wider the gap is between the pegs the greater the gauge.
Long looms with double rows of pegs are for double knitting. (Some have a peg at each end so you can use them for circular knitting, and you can also always use these for single knitting.) Double knitting starts with a figure 8 cast-on, wrapping the yarn back and forth across the rows of pegs, which continues as you knit.

When doing single and double knitting, you can adjust the size of your project by working on only one portion of the loom. That’s harder to do with circular knitting, which needs evenly spaced pegs for all the stitches.

What determines the size of your project?

The size of your project can be affected by many things, the first is the size of your loom. Many fledgling loom knitters refer to the size of the loom as the number of pegs, but this is a massive no-no! As a beginner it’s important to remember that it’s actually the size of the base that determines the size of your project, not necessarily the number of pegs. The number of pegs and the gauge influence the tension of your stitches, or how tightly knit together your stitches are. More pegs does not necessarily mean a bigger size.

Saying that, there is one exception – and that is the style of stitch. If you use a loose stitch such as an Ewrap stitch then your fabric will be looser and therefore be a slightly bigger size then if you were to use a garter stitch on your loom.

Row vs peg count:

When it comes to the number of rows and pegs on your loom knitting project, it’s important to remember that these are not interchangeable. The peg count determines the circumference or width of your project, and the number of rows is how many times you repeat this. If you are making a tubular project such as socks or a hat on a round loom, then the rows will only add to the length of the tube, but not give anymore give around the foot or head.

In addition to your loom and yarn you will also need a hook to catch and pull your loops of yarn over to create the knitted stitches.

Loom knitting stitches:

Just like knitting with needles, loom knitting includes a whole encyclopedia of stitches to craft beautifully textured knitwear.
There are two fundamental methods of knitting on a loom: single and double knitting.

Single knitting:

Single-knitting is when you knit stitches on pegs next to one another, creating a fabric which will have a ‘right’ and ‘wrong’ side.

Knit stitch (k)

The knit stitch on a loom has the very same texture and look as a knit stitch created using regular needles. The knit stitch is achieved by using your hook to pull at the yarn looped around your peg, to create a new loop. By lifting the old loop up and over, you replace with the new loop on your peg to create a new knit stitch. And that’s it!

This is the primal stitch that once mastered can be combined with purl to create garter stitch or even ribbed stitches.

Flat stitch (f)

Flat stitch is a close cousin of knit stitch, except it’s tighter more compact. Stretch the working yarn across the top loop of the peg and simply use your hook to lift the bottom loop over and off your peg, securing the working yarn in place by making it a new loop.

Purl stitch (p)

Just like in traditional knitting, the purl stitch is the reverse of the knit stitch, meaning that the backside of your fabric will be knit material the frontside will be purl. Both knit and purl stitches are fantastic starting points to launch you into a world of glorious textures and designs as you learn to loom knit.

Double knitting:

Double-knitting is when you knit across two rails, if you are using a long loom, so you have a front and a back peg, meaning you get the same texture on both sides of your fabric.

No wrap stitch (nw)

In loom knitting this might be referred to as a flat (stockinette) stitch, and when knitting with needles this is known as the basic knit stitch (k). Just like the gorgeous basic fabric produced when knitting with needles, the no wrap stitch creates sturdy yet beautifully adaptable material which can be transformed into fabulous accessories and homeware. As one of the most basic stitches, the no wrap stitch is a staple for the avid loom knitter and can be used on a long loom or round one. And that’s a wrap!

EWrap (ew)

Better known as the twisted stockinette stitch when knitting with needles (tw St st), the ewrap works a treat on both long and round looms.

Single ribbed stitch or ribbing stitch (rib)

Perfect for gloves and garments with the iconic ribbed effect, the single ribbed stitch sees ewrap stitches alternate with purl stitches on each row creating glorious ridges of yarn.

Learning the use of loom for knitting can be easy once you know the basics of it. It is quick, easy on your hands and a fun activity. There are multiple tutorials available online to guide you through the beginning steps for learning loom knitting and we can say that once you go through with it, there’s no stopping!
So engage yourself in learning something new for yourself and start exploring how to use a loom to knit.

Reference:
Y. (2019, March 26). A guide to loom knitting. Retrieved from https://www.lovecrafts.com/en-gb/c/article/guide-to-loom-knitting

Get Wrapped Up Learning About Loom Knitting. (n.d.). Retrieved from https://www.thesprucecrafts.com/what-is-loom-knitting-4796571