Benefit from our fibre versatility, says FET

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Fibre Extrusion Technology (FET), the Leeds, UK-based specialist in process
solutions and equipment for the manmade yarns and fibre extrusion industry, has
received unprecedented enquiries about its nonwoven meltblowing systems since the
onset of the Coronavirus crisis.
“We’re currently running trials, preparing samples and defining specifications for
companies in Germany and Italy, as well as the UK, and we could already have sold the lab line
we have here many times over,” says managing director Richard Slack. “It’s primarily designed
for R&D and pilot scale applications, but trials have proven it to be suitable for the low volume
production of critical meltblown face mask materials. Some of the customers to whom we’ve
supplied similar lines have already pivoted their production to this, which has generated further
interest.
“We feel, however, that we are ideally placed to offer services to nonwoven companies
who may be exploring alternatives to polypropylene in meltblown, due to our experience in
working with such a wide range of fibre types.”
Medical
FET’s meltblown system was originally developed for companies looking to process high
melt viscosity medical grade resorbable polymers such as PGA (polyglycolic acid), PLLA (polylactic acid) and PGH (polyhydroxl btyrate), mainly for use in implantable products and other medical devices.

The key applications for these fibres are in hernia repair patches, staple reinforcement buttresses, artificial skin, adhesion barriers periodontal and ringival repair materials and those for tendon and ligament repair.

“Our meltblowing system provides medical companies and others dealing in such fibres with a simpler processing route than other techniques such as needlepunching and a wide range
of structural and mechanical properties is obtainable from batch production,” Slack says. “There are also numerous options for post-processing of the webs, by calendering, point bonding or
lamination.”

Performance polymers such as TPU polyurethanes and TPE thermoplastic elastomers are also processed by a number of leading sportswear companies on FET meltblown systems, while engineering polymers such as ABS and PEEK, as well as polycarbonate and halogenated polymers, are other possible raw materials.

Sustainable resins
It is in the area of sustainable resins, however, that FET believes much more can be achieved.

Meltblown polpropylene nonwovens are the critical component of the face masks needed for Covid-19 frontline workers and their scarcity on the open market has in part been the reason for the reported shortages around the world.
An estimated 40 million face masks and other disposable nonwoven-based PPE items are currently estimated to be being consumed each day, amounting to a daily 15,000-ton mountain of waste – much of which must be incinerated.

“We’ve done a lot of work with sustainable polyamides and polyesters, as well as with PHAs and a range of of PLAs,” Slack says. “In the longer term, there has to be a more sustainable option than poypropylene in these products and the opportunity to explore potential alternatives – drawing on the know how from the extensive body of tests and trials we’ve carried out in the past, as well as the machines run commercially by our customers – is something I believe makes us pretty unique in the services we can offer nonwovens manufacturers.

Conventional meltblown and spunbonded systems are usually designed for high capacity systems and are not suitable for product development, he adds.“They consume high quantities of materials and as a consequence are not suitable for development work with high value materials or for niche applications. They also rely on specially
formulated low viscosity polymers which is a further limitation which does not apply to us.

In processing finer filaments, FET has achived structures with average mean filament diameters of 1.68 microns and 58% of between 0.5 to 1.5 microns, in web thicknesses of 37 microns with bulk density of 98 mg/ml and porosity of around 92%.FET’s system is designed for the processing of pure polymer with no no need for processing aids or additives.
“A wide range of structural and mechanical properties are obtainable, with numerous options for post-processing of the web, such as by calendering, point bonding or lamination,”
Richard Slack concludes. “More effective and sustainable PPE solutions could well be achieved through further product development.”